Causes of stress among college students essays

One major stressor in life can be going to college. There are several ways to cope with stress. Determining Causes and Effects of Stress on College Students words - 7 pages My research on the major causes and effects of stress on college students is compiled at the request of The President of Strayer University. The purpose of presenting this research paper to senior administration is to help students have a more constructive college experience.

Causes and Effects of Stress Essay

Students starting their college careers consist of major adjustments to the daily routine; sleep patterns and eating habits, time-management skills, and stress levels are. The Stress of the First Year of College words - 3 pages Showing you what it is like entering the first year of college. Have you ever been in a situation where school can be stressful in many different aspects? I found out being prepared has its likes and dislikes. One thing you must know is when I receiving a acceptance into the college my life was just begun to be stressful.

The first problem that comes to. Write a word procedure report Topic: How To Handle Stress In College words - 2 pages Too much stress can cause mental and physical health problems. Many of today's students hold down full-time jobs while attending college and feel overwhelmed by the lack of time available to study. Fortunately, there are ways for college students to lower their stress levels. Here is how you can reduce stress and have a more positive college experience.

The Causes of Stress Among University Students Essay

PreparationBefore you start you will need a few items. A day planner is essential for keeping. Research Review words - 7 pages Stress causes many college students trouble as they go through college and many people are still affected years after their academic career is over. This can sometimes overwhelm a person while they are in college. No matter where we go stress will be there always.

Stress is a big problem for college students. The first year of college is a new adventure, but there is few challenges to on the way. Faced with many kind of common stress, managing stress, finance, academic performance. Similar Essays College Stress Essay words - 5 pages Recently, many first-year college students face to stress.

Stress is come from different ways. In the following, I would like to discuss what. College Stress And Prevention Of College Stress words - 8 pages College Stress and Prevention of College Stress Getting into university and becoming a college student used to be fun because of the friends and memories they would make. However, college life can be stressful now, especially for first-year students. What is stress? College Students And Stress Essay words - 7 pages College and Stress There are numerous stress factors college students encounter while striving to complete their educational goals.

Others claimed that perceived academic competence was related to worry and tension Putwain et al. If we are to develop programs to assist students in their scholastic activities and to minimize their anxiety and decrease their distress, one should develop a reliable tool to measure the sources of their stress and its associated causes. The objective of this study is to develop and psychometrically assess an instrument with demonstrated evidence of validity, to measure academic stress among university students, the Perception of Academic Stress Scale PAS.

All the participating students were from the third-year, Educational Psychology class at Tanta University Egypt. Students were included if they were planning to sit their third-year final course examinations in Educational Psychology. All students who participated in this study did not have a history of diagnosed psychiatric disorders, and all provided their consent to be included in the study. The examination process involved taking a 3-hour written essay paper and an oral examination on the same day, which followed the written examination almost immediately. Students did not receive any credits for any assignments, or any homework, which they did during the whole year.

Students, therefore, have to memorize a large amount of knowledge, for the two main semesters that they attended throughout the year. Participated in the formal validation process were 12 experts from the Faculties of Psychology and Educational Psychology at Tanta University. Letters of invitations were delivered face to face inviting experts to participate in the validation process. There was also one-on-one discussion and feedback about each item of the scale with regard to its relevancy to sample sources of academic stress among undergraduate students.

Among experts, there were seven at the rank of professor, two at the associate professor, and three PhD lecturers. Initially, experts provided opinion about the overall content of the instrument.

Stress Among College Students Essay examples - Words | Bartleby

Each expert reviewed and provided comments on the relevance of the scale to be developed before testing the instruments with students. The design involved the development and the psychometric assessment of a scale to measure the perceived sources of academic stress among undergraduate university students.

Following extensive literature review, a table of specification with the initial items was created to guide item construction for developing the scale.

The items related to these academic stresses were converted into an item, 5-point Likert-type questionnaire, resulting in the PAS. For the purpose of developing the PAS, it was agreed to include only items receiving a mean score of 3. All items were reviewed for clarity and grammatical corrections. After the scale had been written, the Microsoft Word computer program was used to assess the grammar, in order to ensure that students could easily understand and interpret each item.

The scale was pilot tested with four students. Clarity of items, identifying and reporting any ambiguous items, and items difficult to interpret. Appendix 1 displays the final version of the administered scale. Five items scoring were reversed to avoid response patterns Appendix 1.

Completed responses and consent were returned via e-mail or regular mail to the investigator at the Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, Tanta University.


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All students provided their consent to participate in this project. At the same time, students were also asked to provide demographics including age, sex, academic year, their faculty, and university affiliation, and if they had a history of academic failure. All students were also asked to rate their satisfaction with their learning environment and their overall physical and psychiatric health.

Stress Among College Students

Students needed on average 5 minutes to complete the PAS. Table 1 describes the demographics. Analyses of variance ANOVAs indicated that there were no significant differences in the mean PAS score, between sexes, and age groups in the severity scores of anxiety symptoms. Overall, students reported confidence in their academic performance and in their ability to succeed.

Several exploratory principal component analyses were conducted on the item scale. Table 3 contains the factor loadings, the internal consistency reliability analysis, and the proportion of the observed variance for each factor.

This component consists of five items, has an internal consistency of 0. This component consists of four items, has an internal consistency of 0.


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  • The factor refers to stresses relating excessive workload, lengthy assignments, and worried about failing examinations. This component consists of five items having an internal consistency of 0. It refers to academic self-confidence and confidence for success as a student, in future career and confidence in making the right academic decisions. This component consists of six items having an internal consistency of 0. It refers to stresses as a result of limited time allocated to classes, inability to finish homework, the difficulty to catch up if behind, and the limited time to wind up or relax.

    How Can We Study Related Stress For College Students?

    A close inspection of Table 4 reveals the significant correlation between the three factors of the PAS. In this study, the perceptions of sources of stress among the psychology students were included in an Likert-type item scale that had an overall internal consistency reliability of 0. The factors are theoretically meaningful and cohesive, as it was demonstrated by the significant correlations between their scores, supporting evidence for convergent validity. In this study, however, students who completed the PAS reported mild level of stress for most items administered, despite the fact that the scale was administered around the time of taking a high stakes final examination, which is considered a major source of stress.

    Results from this study support the fact that there were positively reported scores reflecting that students were significantly confident about the success in their academic performance and their future career and were confident in making academic decisions. These findings replicate the findings from other studies, which were conducted among medical and dental undergraduate students Morse and Dravo, The considerable effort to carefully develop a table of specifications with items for the present scale plus the systematic input from education experts enhanced the content and face validity of the scale.

    The follow-up by the experts further enhanced the content validity because of their high agreement on the relevance of the items. The sample size was not large, and all patients were recruited from one class. There is acceptable internal consistency reliability, and there is evidence for face, content, and convergent validity of this instrument.

    In future research, the scale should be administered to a larger, heterogeneous sample of students, and in different educational and cultural settings. Also, future research should examine the relationship between academic stresses and psychiatric disorders especially depression and anxiety disorders, which is lacking in the literature. Last but not least, prophylactic measures were suggested to manage stress among students, to include early identification of individuals who may be more prone to it, and implementation of stress management workshops can be effective.

    It is believed that implementing a positive student-centered environment is associated with full awareness of what is expected of them and can discuss perceived skills and weaknesses Burk and Bender, Others suggested improving the academic environment Neveu et al. The authors would like to extend sincere thanks to all Tanta University faculties who participated in the validity assessments of this instrument. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Health Psychol Open v. Health Psychol Open. Published online Jul Listening to favorite and preferably soft music helps relieve stress.

    Students need to eat right and healthy. This helps students handle stressful conditions as compared to when students skip meals. Positive thinking is an essential stress relieving technique.